EAI IIES Summit and Exhibition
Riva del Garda, Trento Italy 4-6 October, 2012
Food Safety & Autenticity 2012
Brussels, Belgium 18-20 September, 2012
Rome, Italy, 23-27 July 2012
IEEE Symposium and URSI Meeting
Chicago, IL, USA 8-14 July, 2012
QUID Innovation Italy
Milan, Italy 27-28 June, 2012
INSME - INNOBIZ - WTA Hi-tech fair
Daejeon, South Korea 21-25 May 2012
CIBUS 2012
Parma, Italy 7-10 May 2012
SMAU business 2012
Padova, Italy 18-19 April 2012
IEEE International Conference on RFID
Orlando, FL, USA 3-5 April 2012
Anuga FoodTec - F2F at Speakers' Corner
Cologne, Germany 28 March 2012


Path: Home > MKT drivers > Standards


The standardisation of technologies and processes is quite necessary. Usually, such actions are taken by governments, industries and consumers.
Standards generate a lot of benefits for stakeholders in industry and society. The most important advance is the establishment ofinteroperability and compatibility. Standards provide a level of assurance on compatibility of products, devices and services with other existing or future developments.
Benefits of standardisation processes are the removal of trade barriers as well as improvements of safety and healthcare. Standards are clearly defining which attributes products shall have and which requests have to be carried out to serve a market. This fact encourages companies toenter new markets and contributes to enhance competition.
Economies of scale are facilitated by standards, too. This has a very important impact on suppliers. Another advantage for both suppliers and users is the increasing of variety in products as well as thepossibility to control its growth at the same time.
For interoperability, it is essential for RFID equipment (readers and tags) to be standardised in terms of their operatingmode, in other words, in respect of a given frequency of use, for any tag to be read by any reader.
When integrating traceability and with it indirectly also food safety it is important to:

  • expand production management/HACCP/QA systems to include traceability data;
  • expand internal traceability system to include food safety related quality data;
  • harmonize data recording in traceability and production/QA systems by standardizing data format and link all recordings to time and place.

In the Supply Chain Management (SCM) dealing with RFID technology two different types of standards should be considered:

  • Traceability standards and
  • EPCglobal standard.


Traceability standards are offered by GS1 organization which supports their implementation in companies business processes. The so called GS1 traceability is supporting visibility, quality and safety in the supply chain.
As we are dealing with all kinds of regulations, technologies and various ways of traceability with many solutions for national, regional and global SCM participants, F2F project will implement international standards and ensure interoperability of traceability systems. In pilot implementations F2F consortium considers the GS1 Traceability Standard.
The GS1 Traceability Standard is a business process standard describing the traceability process independently from the choice of enablingtechnologies.
It defines minimum requirements for companies of all sizes across industry sectors and corresponding GS1 Standards used within information management tools.

  • The Standard maximises the use of globally established and implemented GS1 System tools that uniquely identify any “traceable item”, describe the creation of accurate records of transactions, and provide for fast data communication about the traceable item between trading partners.
  • It meets the core legislative and business need to cost-effectively trace back (one step down) and track forward (one step up) at any point along the whole length of the supply chain, no matter how many trading partners and business process steps are involved and how many national borders have

The GS1 Traceability Standard defines business rules and minimum requirements to be followed when designing and implementing a traceability system. They are clustered around a matrix of roles and responsibilities for each step of the traceability process.

The Plan andOrganize sub-process determines how to assign, collect, share and keep traceability data. Furthermore, it determines how to manage links between inputs, internal processes, and outputs. It is a prerequisite phase.
The Align Master Data sub -process determines how to assign identifications to the parties and physical locations, trade items and if appropriate to assets. It also determines how to exchange Master Data with trading partners.
The Record Traceability Data sub-process determines how to assign, apply and capture traceable items identification and how to collect, share and store traceability data during the physical flow.
The Request Trace sub-process determines how to initiate and respond to a traceability request.
The Use Information sub-process enables the use of the previous processes to take appropriate action as required by legal and business requirements.


All important RFID standards are managed and published by several organizations where the mostinfluential are ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and EPCglobal. EPCglobal is leading the development of industry-driven standards for the Electronic Product Code (EPC) to support the use of Radio FrequencyIdentification (RFID) in trading networks to improve their supply chain management.
To access and exchange the information in a supplychain within and across enterprises the EPCIS (Electronic Product Code Information Services) standard is used.

EPCglobal standards are divided into data and interface standards.
DATA standards that define representations, formats, and definitions of common data; EPC Events answer 4 questions:


  • EPC number (can leverage master data - GTIN)
  • Manufacturing Data (lot, batch, expiration date)
  • Transactional Data (PO, Shipment, Invoice)


  • Location (can be fixed or moving –leverage master data -GLN)


  • Event Time Record Time


  • Business Process Step –e.g.: Receiving, Shipping
  • Product State –e.g.: Saleable, Active, In Transit
  • Current Conditions –e.g.: Temperature


INTERFACE standards that defines operational characteristics and acceptable levels of performance.

EPCIS(Electronic Product Code Information Services) defines a standard interface to enable EPC related data to be captured and queried using a defined set of service operation and associated EPC related data standards, combined with appropriate security mechanism. It is important to know, that EPCIS specification does NOT specify how the service or databases should be implemented, it specifies only a standard data sharing interface between application that capture EPC related data and those that need access to it.

You can find up-to-date information on RFID standards visiting a portal, created within the EU-supported project GRIFS.
In this database, each standard is classified in three main categories:

  • The area of application, i.e. to which hardware or software area it is related
  • The organization that published the standard
  • Its current status, whether it has already been published or is still under development

Additionaly, you will find descriptions of each standard category and publishing organization on separate pages.